Tree Failures in Early Indiana History

Early Accounts of Property Damage Involving Trees in Indiana

Trees are a property owners staple in developing a property but they can also be the cause of damage. Tree failures are not a new development as can be seen by this early account.

tuesday 29  1811. we mustered as usuel. Came to Camp was ordered to march in 30 minutes 20 men Commanded by Capt. Berry went to guard the Boats that Carried our Provision and a Sear- geant with 8 men to guard the gov’r. we mooved to the Prairie stopt till the Baggage all Came up. I sent Back for whisky we then mooved off with the whole army Consisting of about 640 foot 270 mounted men 19 wagons and one Cart. Passt one Creek and Camped after 5 miles on the same Creek where we Camped on the 4th Inst. maid us moove Close to the army one horse killed and a wagon Broke by falling a tree a gueard set out of our Company.

Tree failure can cause harm.

Tree failure can cause harm.

This account is from John Tipton’s journal account of the Tippecanoe Campaign. It is thought to be one of the only surviving records of the historical march (recorded with spelling as written).[i]

[i] Reference: The Indiana Quarterly Magazine of History, Volume II 1906, Geo. S, Cottman, Editor and Publisher, Indianapolis.


Emerald Ash Borer- You Need a Strategy! Plan whether To Treat, or To Remove and Replant.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA In April 2004 the Emerald Ash Borer was confirmed in Indiana.  It attacks all varieties of Ash (fraxinus) trees.  There are an estimated 147 million Ash trees in Indiana and over the last 15 years they have been extensively planted as ‘street trees’ throughout the state of Indiana.  It could be financially devastating to not plan and to lose all of your ash at once.

What you can do… The more educated we are about the EAB the better chance we have of detecting and preventing the financial devastation the pest can bring.

The Facts…

Adults emerge from May to June and peak in July to lay their eggs on the smooth bark of Ash trees. In September the eggs hatch and the larvae bore into the wood to feed. The feeding tubes that they create are damaging to the outer sapwood which kills branches and entire trees. The larvae develop through the winter in the tree and emerge in the spring, starting the cycle all over again.

If your wooded lot includes any form of Ash tree, do your part by being aware of the signs of EAB.

1.    Inspect your trees – specifically looking for:

  • Emerald Ash Borer (bright green beetle, apx 1/3 inch long)
  • D shaped 3-4 millimeter holes (1/8 inch long) in bark
  • Woodpecker activity
  • Epicormic growth
  • Die back in the crown of the tree

2.   Take care of your trees; a healthy tree is much less vulnerable to infestation:

3.   Burn all of your firewood every winter. Keeping leftover firewood throughout the summer encourages infestation.  Do not transport wood to your campsite or lake house etc.  Buy it in the county that you are visiting and leave leftovers there.  The Emerald Ash Borer on its own can only travel an estimated 1/2 mile per year, but with the help of people transporting them they can cross towns, counties and states at a much faster rate.

4.    Create a Management Plant that consider your property needs. The plan might include replacing some of your Ash trees with more tolerant tree species and treating other ash trees while the new trees grow and then re-evaluating your strategy annually.